Terms of Use

1. Copyright / Permission to Reproduce

Content on this Web site is produced and/or compiled by the Bank of Canada for the purpose of providing users with access to information about the activities of the Bank. Except as indicated below (section 2, Exceptions), the Bank permits you to copy, distribute and transmit its web site content under the following terms:

1.1. Attribution
You must attribute the Bank of Canada as the source of the content, but not in any way that suggests that the Bank endorses you or your use of the work.

1.2. Noncommercial
You may not use this content for commercial purposes, unless written permission for such use is granted by the Bank of Canada. To apply for such permission, email [email protected]

2. Exceptions

2.1. Bank Note Images
Only under certain specific circumstances may images of Canadian bank notes be reproduced, whether for commercial or non-commercial purposes. Permission to reproduce bank note images must be obtained in writing from the Bank. See the Bank of Canada Policy on the Reproduction of Bank Note Images for further information.

2.2. Reproduction of the Bank’s Logo and Wordmark
The Bank’s logo and wordmark may not be reproduced, whether for personal, commercial or non-commercial purposes, without written authorization. Request for authorization may be addressed to: [email protected] Such authorization will be granted only in rare circumstances.

2.3. Conference, Seminar, and Workshop Papers
In some instances such papers are subject to copyrights held by other organizations or persons. In such cases, some restrictions on the reproduction of materials may apply and it may be necessary to seek permission from the rights holder prior to reproducing the material.


Official Languages

Research papers: The Bank of Canada observes the Official Languages Act, and is committed to ensuring information and services on this site are available in both English and French. Note, however, that in most instances research papers are published only in the official language in which they were originally written. In such instances an abstract of the paper is provided in the other official language. This practice is approved by the Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages.

Rates and Statistics

Statistical data on the Bank of Canada web site is derived from sources that the Bank considers sufficiently reliable to justify inclusion. However, we cannot guarantee the completeness or accuracy of the data. Also, the Bank of Canada may periodically revise certain data without notice. You acknowledge and agree that your use of the data is at your own risk and that none of the parties involved in creating, producing or delivering this site is liable for any loss, injury, claim, liability or damage of any kind resulting in any way from: (a) any errors in or omissions from the data; (b) the unavailability or delay of the data; or (c) your use of the data or any conclusions you draw from it, regardless of whether you received any assistance from the Bank of Canada or its employees with regard to the data.

Exchange Rates

All Bank of Canada exchange rates are indicative rates only, derived from averages of transaction prices and price quotes from financial institutions. As such, they are intended to be broadly indicative of market prices at the time of publication but do not necessarily reflect the rates at which actual market transactions have been or could be conducted. They may differ from the rates provided by financial institutions and other market sources. Bank of Canada exchange rates are released for statistical and analytical purposes only and are not intended to be used as the benchmark rate for executing foreign exchange trades. The Bank of Canada does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of these exchange rates. The underlying data is sourced from Thomson Reuters.

Careers: Current Opportunities

Listings of job opportunities currently available at the Bank are contained on a third-party site. When you submit an application via that site, your personal information will be protected under the federal Privacy Act, as explained in the Bank’s privacy statement.